These two foundations both started in the 1880’s. The American Red Cross was started with Clara Barton. The Tuskegee institute was for colored teachers and was started by Lewis Adams and George Campbell.
Clara Barton was born in 1821, and at the age of 17 became a teacher and got a college degree in 1850. It was really rare at that time for a woman to get a degree. Then she became a clerk in the Patent Office. While there, she received some discrimination. Then, she worked in the Union army as a supplies distributor. She then became a nurse and was known for her bravery, skill, and her caring personality. She was the angel of the battlefield
She worked in the International Red Cross until she organized the first American Red Cross in 1881. It was to aid in domestic disaster relief, such as earthquakes, floods, and other disasters. They also provided community service for the needy, communication for military personnel, the collection, processing, and the distribution of blood, and also provided programs on health, safety, and First Aid. She published her autobiography in 1907 and died in 1912 at the age of 90. The American Red Cross has prospered a lot since then.
The Tuskegee institute for colored teachers was organized in 2000 by two men, Lewis Adams, and the ex-slave George Campbell. They secured a $2000 grant from the state of Alabama and used the money to hire the school’s first principal and buy the first property. The first principle was Booker T. Washington and was an important educator, author, and orator. He worked his way through Hampton University and taught at Tuskegee at the age of 25 in 1881. The place grew from 100 acres to over 2000, and now is completely intact and remain so, because, in 1965, it was declared as a national historic landmark. The Tuskegee institute was really a pioneer to the others, for not many other schools for colored people were so successful.
These two institutes really were important to American History, and really helped grow the minds of the US.