In the 1900’s construction increased exponentially. With the new material of Steel, bigger ships were being made, and bigger buildings too.
In 1908, they began making the Titanic and was finished 3 years later in 1911. It had state-of-the-art watertight compartments and remotely activated hatches. It was deemed unsinkable by news agencies, but the Titanic builders never said so. It had 16 total water compartments, and as long as less than 5 compartments were filled, the ship would be fine. It was traveling from England to New York on April 10, 1912. They pushed at full speed and went further south so that they could avoid icebergs. They crossed most of the Atlantic and were nearing the coast of Newfoundland until they received warnings from other ships that there was ice in the area.
The lookout crew was working without binoculars, and when they saw the iceberg, they had two choices. To hit it full on and survive but lose the ship, or to try to escape completely with a risk that you will lose everything. They choose the second choice. So the iceberg managed to open a large seam on the side of the ship, and the Watertight compartments were overwhelmed, and the from of the ship began sinking. The ship designer confirmed that the ship was sinking in 2 hours, for 5 of the 16 watertight compartments were filled. The sad thing was that they only had 20 lifeboats, of which just 16 were full size. The total capacity in the lifeboats was 1178, while the ship was carrying a total of 3327 people. They made it so that women and children went on first, then the men. Very few men survived, and the one ship that was close to them, the Californian, had switched off its radio for the night. They managed to radio the Carpathian, and it picked up 705 survivors, of which 333 of the over 1500 bodies were found.
From then on, there were increased safety requirements, and so now all ships carry much more lifeboats than the amount needed. The Titanic was found in 1985 and was visited many times to recover lost artifacts and to determine how the ship sunk. It occurred in 1912, and since then, technology has improved. Even though that is true, many accidents still occur.
We can learn from this that we can’t be absolutely sure of anything, and nothing can ever be too safe. But even though this happened, it does not mean that we shouldn’t go on ships, but just warns us to be a lot more careful!